Dadhichi Deh Dan: An Indian paradigm in organ donation


    Dadhyanga is widely known and feted as Maharsi Dadhici  among Hindu-s. Dadhyanga is a Samskritam  word, conjunction of two words, Dadhya  and Anca.Dadhici  is a distorted version of  Dadhyanga as mentioned by renowned ancient Samskritam  scholar Panini  in his title AstadhyayiMaharsi Dadhici  is renowned for sacrificing his body to be used for developing a weapon Vajra  with his bones so that Deva-s could be protected from onslaught of serpent King Viritra. With that weapon VajraViritra  could be slain and heaven occupied by them, reclaimed from them. Viritra  was an embodiment of drought thus, Deva-s released water for all beings after he was slain.

     Dhanyoaham Casthi Me Dhanyam Yasmaddevaha Pravriddhaye  I

    Dadami Nasti Sandeho Niyamasca Mayakritaha  II

    I am redeemed, my bones stand redeemed causing well-being of Deva-s. Undoubtedly resolved I am, I shall donate by bones.

    – Maharsi Dadhici

     In this nation of Rsi-s and Maharsi-s, with this sacrifice for the benevolence of all beings, Maharsi Dadhici  became a legendary Rsi, revered for his selfless sacrifice. He was an ardent devotee of Bhagavana Siva  who is supposed to have appeared before him as a Rsi  on the auspicious festival of MahasivaratriBhagavana Siva  had blessed him three boons, he would never be humiliated, could never be slain and his bones would be as hard as diamond. He had highest regard for Bhagavana Visnu  too. When Deva-s approached Maharsi Dadhici  for his bones in their battle against Vritra, he readily conceded learning that they had been directed by Bhagavana VisnuMaharsi Dadhici  had mastered  Brahmavidya, also known as Madhu Vidya  to attain immortality. He was so proficient in this wisdom that even it concerned even Indra  for his own security. There are several other legends too, associated with Maharsi Dadhici. He is said to be the first to leave Daksa‘s Yajna  where Bhagavana Siva  had not been invited. Mantra  for Hinglaja Devi  is attributed to him to protect some Ksatriya  children from being slain by Bhagavana Parasurama  after hiding them them inside Hinglaja Mandira.

     As narrated in Bhagavat PuranaMaharsi Dadhici’s father Rsi Atharvana  had authored Atharvaveda. His mother Citi  was daughter of Rsi KardamaMaharsi Dadhici  was married to Swarcha  who bore a son Pippalada  to him who evolved as Rsi Pippalada, authored Pippalada  School of  Darsana  as well as Prsna UpanisadMaharsi Dadhici  established his Asrama  in Namisaranya, near Lucknow as mentioned in almost all Purana-s. He had travelled to Ahmedabad and raised an Asrama  on banks of Sabarmati  river too. He has been mentioned in Ist Mandala  of  Rg VedaBhagavat Purana  as well as Srimad Devi Bhagavatam. He also composed Narayana Kavacam, recited for power and peace. He is also associated with several Sanatana  legends too. Dadhica Brahmana-s are purported to be descendents of  Maharsi Dadhici  settled in Rajasthan.

     Maharsi Dadhici  symbolizes, no sacrifice is too great to defend the defenceless from despots. He inspired Param Vir Chakra, Bharata‘s highest military award for gallantry, most often posthumously awarded to soldiers with exceptional courage in war.

     Legend of Maharsi Dadhici  continues, rather growing variously in the manifest of voluntary donation of body organs. Organs of brain dead cadavers are harvested with due consent of their families and transplanted to patients who need them most to survive in the world. Mentally preparing a family already distressed and grieving demise of their dear ones, to accord their consent to donate organs when they require to be consoled most, is an agonising task accomplished with great fortitude and patience. Several organisations have been active on this front which happens to be a humanitarian cause of immense significance. One such organisation renowned as Dadhichi Deh Dan Samiti, DDDS hereafter, have been rendering remarkable service to society by organising organ donations for those precariously struggling for life. Founded in 1997, DDDS have ensured 179 body donations, 526 pairs of eye donations, organ donations by four brain-dead patients, three bone-marrow donations and one case of skin donation. DDDS have on their records, over 8000 pledges of organ-body donations and the number is growing steadily. When approximately 5,00,000 persons die every year for want of organ transplantation, very large ground is yet to be covered and the organisation is entirely dedicated to the noble cause. Wide gap between requirement and availability of organs is the main cause of organ trafficking. Organ trafficking and selling are proclaimed offences in Bharata  as per the law. Organ donation for medical purposes is regulated by Transplantation Of Human Organs Act 1994 while whole body donation by Anatomy Act 1984.

     Founder of DDDS Sri  Alok Kumar of RSS, Delhi Pranta  opines that time is ripe for the well-to-do class of people in society to volunteer themselves for the cause and undertake pledge to donate themselves whenever that is so possible. And volunteers of DDDS are assiduously inspiring people wherever possible, to open up for the humanistic mission. It is essential to carry out mass campaigns to encourage people to donate their organs. Response would certainly be encouraging as inclination to donate body and organs exists in every individual basking in glorious legacy of Maharsi Dadhici.  


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