Based on Devi mahatmyam Mahishasura Mardini Stotram is a hymn in which Devi takes the forms of Durga in Chandika Form to kill the demon Mahisha. This stotra is said to have been composed or been dedicated to Ramakrishna Kavi as well as Sri Adi Shankaracharya both.
Detailed Story of Mahisasura is available in Durga Saptashati in chapter 2,3 and 4 and also can be found in Devi Mahatamaya or Devi Bhagwati puraan. Mahisahasura Mardini is the stotra of Maa Duraga Narrated in Chandi path in Durga Sapatashati.
This stotra is named Mhishasura Mardini as Maa Durga has defeated demon Mahisasura while taking chandi form. Maa Durga is the primitive source of all power as she is Shakti avtaar; she is residing with much qualities and powers and known by various names.
Astrological Significance of Mahishasura Mardini:
Astrologically Taurus sign seen for the excessive sexual desires those are uncontrollable for any being if it is being afflicted by the Nodes and Rajasic Planets. In Spiritual Reality, sexual desire of every man, which is symbolically represented by Mahishasura is a Bull (Taurus) that shows to get anything in any cost and The goddess Chandika (Rising Moon in Shuakal Pakasha ) represents the trans-formative and filtering power and with the help of divine mother force any men can conquer their asuric tendencies as seen in the form Mahishasura in them. In Vedic Trends Chanda or chandals represents those who are mean, having higher passion, anger-prone, or cruelty in their nature. Logically they show animalistic and impurity in the soul.
When such qualities are in excessive quantities it is called as called chandalas or those who live in Tamas Guna means considered as impure, devoid of pure energy required to reach higher chakras. Mahaishasura as The buffalo represents brutality and vile human nature. Two horns signify the evil hidden in creation. This is the reason why the battle between Maa Chandika and Mahisha asura is the symbolism of the battle between good and evil. Even it also shows the transformative process human beings can purify their animalistic sexual nature present in mind and body and only divine mother has that capability to turn an animal into a human. One, who aspire to purify their minds and bodies should unconditionally surrender to Divine Mother Durga, surrendering unconditionally to her would take up the responsibility of your life and transform you miraculously. Thus, Reciting Mahisasura Mardini and reading about the story of Mahisasura represents the deeper and higher spiritual lessons for those are seeking liberation.
Those who are facing trouble in controlling higher desires and passions because of the animalistic nature (tamas) in mind and body and always feel restless, lack of peace and instability in their spiritual practice, they should pray to the Mother Goddess Durga to transform them into a positive person with the preponderance of sattva Guna. The Divine Mother will help you to control your animalistic passions and become divine and pious person even She will help you in destroying your evil karma to move further in the path of higher liberation or mukti from all mundane desires.
Benefits of chanting Mahishasura Mardini Stotra
-Maa Durga is an Adi Shakti who conquers all the fears inside any soul, who kills anger, grudge , rage and ego to be driven away all the negativity reside in mind, body and soul. To get Blessings of Maa Durga one need to surrender toward her totally, then she will able to purify the devotee in her own way. To gain the powers of Maa Durga to win in any battle or conquer any fear or challenge, reciting Mahishasura Mardini regularly with much devotion is a blessing. Devi Maa will help you to win the Battle and gives victory in all your Work. Reciting Mahishasura Mardini will overwhelm all sorrows from your Life. You will be blessed by Powers of Maa Durga as she defeats demon Mahisasura. You can read Mahishasura Mardini also at your home. This stotram has a vital role with Navaratri festival when devotees worship Maa durga in 9 forms of Durga , as it contains the key message of Sri Chandi Path.
Sri Chandi Saptasati path tells us the story of how Divine Mother ( Maa Durga or Mahamaya) took physical form in chandi avtaar in order to destroy the demon Mahishasura, who was terrorising the Devas and all the humans. According to traditional Story, the battle of Maa chandi with Mahishasura happened during the nine days of Navaratri and finally ended with Mother’s victory on the 10th Day called as Vijayadasami, the day following Navaratri.
Thus, when we perform devotion throughout the Navaratri festival, Mother comes and battles all the forces of negativity in our own hearts and minds to purify our mind, body and soul. On the auspicious day of Vijayadasami, She is completely victorious as we are freed from millions of sins and forms of negativity those are hidden in our mind. chanting Sri Mahishasura Mardini Stotram throughout Navaratri, helps to invoke the divine Mother to come and destroy all of our negativity within us. This sacred and beautiful stotram has the power to destroy all the negativity residing within us.
Mahishasura Mardini Stotram or Mahishasur Maridhini Sloka is a very powerful and popular stotra of Goddess Durga in the praise of divine mother written by Guru Adi Sankaracharya after Lalita Sahasranama ( Praising the beauty of Maa Parvathi). Devotees Should chant this for victory over calamities and mitigation of their negative karma.
Mahishasura Mardini Stotram
अयि गिरिनन्दिनि नन्दितमेदिनि विश्वविनोदिनि नन्दिनुते
गिरिवरविन्ध्यशिरोऽधिनिवासिनि विष्णुविलासिनि जिष्णुनुते ।
भगवति हे शितिकण्ठकुटुम्बिनि भूरिकुटुम्बिनि भूरिकृते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १ ॥
1. O Daughter of the Mountain, who delight the earth, who make the whole universe enjoy, who are praised by Nandikesvara, who dwell on the summit of the king of mountains, the Vindhyas, who took the form of the consort of Vishnu (as Lakshmi), who are praised by Indra, O consort of Siva (the blue-necked), who have innumerable families, who are the Creatrix of the whole universe, who slew the demon Mahisha, who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
सुरवरवर्षिणि दुर्धरधर्षिणि दुर्मुखमर्षिणि हर्षरते
त्रिभुवनपोषिणि शङ्करतोषिणि किल्बिषमोषिणि घोषरते
दनुजनिरोषिणि दितिसुतरोषिणि दुर्मदशोषिणि सिन्धुसुते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ २ ॥
2. O Daughter of the Mountain, who delight Indra, who crushed the demon Durdhara, who subdued Durmukha, who are immersed in bliss, who nourish all the three worlds, who make Sankara happy, who remove all sins, who delight in celebration, who are angry with Asuras, who destroy evil pride, who destroyed the demon Durdama, who was born as the daughter of the ocean (as Lakshmi), who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अयि जगदम्ब मदम्ब कदम्ब वनप्रियवासिनि हासरते
शिखरि शिरोमणि तुङ्गहिमलय शृङ्गनिजालय मध्यगते ।
मधुमधुरे मधुकैटभगञ्जिनि कैटभभञ्जिनि रासरते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ३ ॥
3. O Mother of the universe, who enjoy dwelling in Kadambavana, who is anointed with perfume, who sport a gentle smile, who dwell in Your abode on the peak of the lofty Himalaya mountain, the crest-jewel among mountains, who enjoy the sweetness of honey, who slew Madhu and Kaitabha, who destroy all sins, who delight in the Raasa dance, who crushed Mahishasura, who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अयि शतखण्ड विखण्डितरुण्ड वितुण्डितशुण्द गजाधिपते
रिपुगजगण्ड विदारणचण्ड पराक्रमशुण्ड मृगाधिपते ।
निजभुजदण्ड निपातितखण्ड विपातितमुण्ड भटाधिपते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ४ ॥
4. You who eliminated Dhoomralochana and hundreds pf Dhoomras by a mere ‘humkaara’, who slew in battle numerous Raktabijas who rose up from the blood of Raktabija who was weakened in the fight, and, wonder of wonders, who slew in a mighty battle Sumbha, Nisumbha, and the arrogant leaders of the ghosts, who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अयि रणदुर्मद शत्रुवधोदित दुर्धरनिर्जर शक्तिभृते
चतुरविचार धुरीणमहाशिव दूतकृत प्रमथाधिपते ।
दुरितदुरीह दुराशयदुर्मति दानवदुत कृतान्तमते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ५ ॥
5. You who cut down with the weapon known as ‘Satakhanda’ the heads and trunks of mighty elephants, whose mount is the powerful lion which killed the elephants of the enemy with severe blows on their necks, who killed the ferocious generals of the army of Bhandasura with blows by
your hand, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अयि शरणागत वैरिवधुवर वीरवराभय दायकरे
त्रिभुवनमस्तक शुलविरोधि शिरोऽधिकृतामल शुलकरे ।
दुमिदुमितामर धुन्दुभिनादमहोमुखरीकृत दिङ्मकरे
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ६ ॥
6. You whose clinging bangles shine by contact with your body in the festival of the battle with bows, whose enemies are killed by blows on the back of their necks with the weapon known as ‘Sringa’ which is resplendent like gold and yellow in colour, and adorns your hip, You whohave charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अयि निजहुङ्कृति मात्रनिराकृत धूम्रविलोचन धूम्रशते
समरविशोषित शोणितबीज समुद्भवशोणित बीजलते ।
शिवशिवशुम्भ निशुम्भमहाहव तर्पितभूत पिशाचरते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ७ ॥
7. O You whose might remains unbearable even after the burden has been removed by the slaying of arrogant enemies in battle, who made Siva Your messenger — Siva who is foremost in the art of discriminating between right and wrong, who slew the demon messenger who was sinful, cruel, and evil-minded, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
धनुरनुषङ्ग रणक्षणसङ्ग परिस्फुरदङ्ग नटत्कटके
कनकपिशङ्ग पृषत्कनिषङ्ग रसद्भटशृङ्ग हताबटुके ।
कृतचतुरङ्ग बलक्षितिरङ्ग घटद्बहुरङ्ग रटद्बटुके
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ८ ॥
8. You whose hands gave protection and boons to the brave husbands of the women in the enemy’s camp who surrendered themselves to You, who wield in Your hand for the slaying of enemies the sanctified trident which removes the sorrows of all the three worlds, who make the quarters resound with the divine musical instrument known as ‘Dundubhi’, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
सुरललना ततथेयि तथेयि कृताभिनयोदर नृत्यरते
कृत कुकुथः कुकुथो गडदादिकताल कुतूहल गानरते ।
धुधुकुट धुक्कुट धिंधिमित ध्वनि धीर मृदंग निनादरते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ९ ॥
9. You whose praises are sung by people ever eager to praise You with charming words like ‘victory to You’, who captivate even Siva, the Lord of all beings with the clinging sound of Your anklets, who are fond of dancing with Siva in the sport in which He dances as Ardhanareeswara, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
जय जय जप्य जयेजयशब्द परस्तुति तत्परविश्वनुते
झणझणझिञ्झिमि झिङ्कृत नूपुरशिञ्जितमोहित भूतपते ।
नटित नटार्ध नटी नट नायक नाटितनाट्य सुगानरते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १० ॥
10. You who are supremely lustrous and decorated by the flowers in the form of the charming minds of the good, who shine like the moon for the lotuses in a lotus-pond, the movement of whose charming eyes gives the impression of hovering bees, You who have charming locks of hair, O
Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अयि सुमनःसुमनःसुमनः सुमनःसुमनोहरकान्तियुते
श्रितरजनी रजनीरजनी रजनीरजनी करवक्त्रवृते ।
सुनयनविभ्रमर भ्रमरभ्रमर भ्रमरभ्रमराधिपते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ ११ ॥
11. You who are fond of the sport in the form of a mighty battle against groups of mighty warriors, who are surrounded by hunters who build their huts with creepers and forest tribes known as Mallikas, Jhillikas and Bhillikas, whose body is soft like the beautiful tender red leaf, You
who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
सहितमहाहव मल्लमतल्लिक मल्लितरल्लक मल्लरते
विरचितवल्लिक पल्लिकमल्लिक झिल्लिकभिल्लिक वर्गवृते ।
शितकृतफुल्ल समुल्लसितारुण तल्लजपल्लव सल्ललिते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १२ ॥
12. You whose gait is like that of a well-nourished lordly elephant in rut along whose cheeks there is an abundant flow of ichor, You who took the form of Goddess Lakshmi, the daughter of the ocean of milk which is the place of origin of the moon which is the eternal ornament of the three worlds, who captivate even Manmatha who captivates the minds of beautiful women full of desire, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
अविरलगण्ड गलन्मदमेदुर मत्तमतङ्गजराजपते
त्रिभुवनभूषण भूतकलानिधि रूपपयोनिधि राजसुते ।
अयि सुदतीजन लालसमानस मोहन मन्मथराजसुते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १३ ॥
13. O You whose forehead is incomparable and is lustrous like a tender beautiful lotus petal, who are the repository of all kinds of dances and are like the gently cooing swan, in whose hair there is an array of bees, whose hair is adorned with a garland of beautiful flowers, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
कमलदलामल कोमलकान्ति कलाकलितामल भाललते
सकलविलास कलानिलयक्रम केलिचलत्कल हंसकुले ।
अलिकुलसङ्कुल कुवलयमण्डल मौलिमिलद्बकुलालिकुले
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १४ ॥
14. You who put to shame even the koel with the sweet tunes spreading out from Your flute, who move about among the creepers in the Kailasa mountain, who enjoy the dances of Your divine damsels and various other sports, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
करमुरलीरव वीजितकूजित लज्जितकोकिल मञ्जुमते
मिलितपुलिन्द मनोहरगुञ्जित रञ्जितशैल निकुञ्जगते ।
निजगणभूत महाशबरीगण सद्गुणसम्भृत केलितले
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १५ ॥
15. You set at nought even the splendour of the moon with the charm of your reddish body, black locks of hair and the yellow robe worn around the waist, whose toe-nails shine with the resplendence of the gems in the crowns of the gods and asuras who prostrate before You, whose high breasts quiver as if by the force of the torrents of water flowing down from the summits of the Meru mountain which was conquered by Lord Siva, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
कटितटपीत दुकूलविचित्र मयुखतिरस्कृत चन्द्ररुचे
प्रणतसुरासुर मौलिमणिस्फुर दंशुलसन्नख चन्द्ररुचे
जितकनकाचल मौलिमदोर्जित निर्भरकुञ्जर कुम्भकुचे
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १६ ॥
16. You who by Your splendour defeat even the sun with thousands of rays, You who are prostrated to by the sun god with his thousands of rays, You who were praised by the son of Tarakasura after that asura was killed by Your son Lord Subrahmanya in the battle between the gods and Tarakasura when the gods were defeated, You who were pleased with the chanting of mantras by the royal sage Suratha and the Vaisya named Samadhi who was himself like samadhi and who prayed for nirvikalpa samadhi, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
विजितसहस्रकरैक सहस्रकरैक सहस्रकरैकनुते
कृतसुरतारक सङ्गरतारक सङ्गरतारक सूनुसुते ।
सुरथसमाधि समानसमाधि समाधिसमाधि सुजातरते ।
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १७ ॥
17. Whoever constantly worships Your lotus feet, You who are the abode of compassion and who are auspiciousness itself, he will certainly be endowed with all prosperity. O Goddess Parvati, I who always meditate on Your lotus feet looking upon them as my ultimate refuge will certainly get it. O Goddess Lakshmi, who bestow everything on devotees, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
पदकमलं करुणानिलये वरिवस्यति योऽनुदिनं सुशिवे
अयि कमले कमलानिलये कमलानिलयः स कथं न भवेत् ।
तव पदमेव परम्पदमित्यनुशीलयतो मम किं न शिवे
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १८ ॥
18. Whoever sprinkles the sacred precincts of Your abode with water from a golden pot will attain the position of Indra by Your grace. O consort of Lord Siva, I take refuge at Your holy feet. Deign to bless me with all prosperity, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
भजति स किं न शचीकुचकुम्भतटीपरिरम्भसुखानुभवम् ।
तव चरणं शरणं करवाणि नतामरवाणि निवासि शिवम्
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ १९ ॥
19. Whoever repeatedly meditates on Your divine face adorned by the crescent moon, will he ever be rejected by beautiful women like those in Indra’s abode? O most valued treasure of Siva, why do You not fulfill my wishes, You who have charming locks of hair, O Daughter of the Mountain, hail unto You, hail unto You.
तव विमलेन्दुकुलं वदनेन्दुमलं सकलं ननु कूलयते
किमु पुरुहूतपुरीन्दु मुखी सुमुखीभिरसौ विमुखीक्रियते ।
मम तु मतं शिवनामधने भवती कृपया किमुत क्रियते
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ २० ॥
20. O Goddess Uma, deign to bestow on me also Your compassion, You who are always inclined to shower compassion on the weak, O Goddess Rama, may You be hailed as the Mother of the universe. You are my mother also. I too am Your son. You may reject my prayer if it is not proper. Deign to remove my sorrow.
अयि मयि दीन दयालुतया कृपयैव त्वया भवितव्यमुमे
अयि जगतो जननी कृपयासि यथासि तथानुमितासिरते ।
जय जय हे महिषासुरमर्दिनि रम्यकपर्दिनि शैलसुते ॥ २१ ॥
21. (Salutations to the Divine Mother) You Must Bestow Your Grace on Me, O Mother Uma, Who is Compassionate to the Miserable. O Mother of the Universe; Just as Your Grace is Showered (on the Devotees), In the Same Manner, are Your Arrows Scattered (on the Enemies). Please do Whatever is Appropriate at this time, O Worshipful Mother, to Remove My Sorrows and Afflictions which has become Difficult for me to bear. Victory to You, the Destroyer of the Demon Mahishasura, Who has Beautiful Locks of Hair and Who is the Daughter of the Mountain.
(English translation by S.N.Sastri)