For centuries and thousands of years Bharata and China never ever battled militarily. It was only under Nehru’s malevolent leadership that Bharata was attacked by China for the first time and the last Mughal was humiliated to his last bone and joint. It was entirely his personal defeat as he did not allow Army to prepare themselves, declined to provide their necessities and finally, did not allow our Air Force to retaliate in spite of their repeated propositions. He had actively pursued ‘Forward Policy’ and outrightly declined to settle the border dispute. As a matter of fact, Nehru had committed a complete Himalayan range of lethal blunders that led to slaughter of unarmed soldiers and capture of entire Akshai Chin by Chinese.
The last Mughal allowed Tibet being captured by China without even a whiff of resistance, then declined to settle border dispute;
signed entirely absurd and moronic Panchsheel Agreement;
changed country’s map unilaterally;
refused to even discuss their proposals;
followed irrational ‘Forward Policy’, raised border posts in disputed areas provoking China eternally convinced that China would never invade;
never looked after border posts;
infiltrated Army with sycophantic submissive officers and Generals;
completely neglected security issues;
appointed a dubious character Krshna Menon as Defence Minister;
publicly declared on Oct. 12, 1962 he had ordered Army to throw out Chinese intruders barely 8 days before they attacked us;
just after 4 days of fighting on Oct. 24, China again offered to ceasefire and invited for discussions but Nehru declined;
on Nov. 21, 1962 China ceasefired the war unilaterally and offered to negotiate which was declined by Nehru again;
Nehru even declined to appoint a commission of inquiry to identify causes of defeat and climaxed it by refusing to resign in spite of the ignominy that the nation underwent owing to his serial stupidities.
Nehru-Menon duo unilaterally decided borders on their office desk, ordered raising 64 border posts here and there even into genuine Chinese territory, then proceeded to order those border posts to be manned by Assam Police and not by armed soldiers !! Both had ‘unilaterally’ convinced themselves, China would not dare to retaliate as that would have inevitably led to World War-III and in that eventuality, entire world would be on Nehrus side !! So much was narcisstic Nehru convinced about his personal popularity internationally !! He declared it a foreign policy masterstroke and named it ‘Forward Policy’ !! This policy was finalised in PMO on Nov. 2, 1961 in a meeting attended by the last Mughal Nehru, Krshna Menon, General PN Thapar, Lt. Gen. BM Kaul, IB Director BN Mullik, Brig. DK Palit and the then Foreign Secretary. Arun Shourie quoted Nehru, “It is completely impracticable for the Chinese Government to think of anything in the nature of invasion of India. Therefore I rule it out… It is necessary that the system of check-posts should be spread along this entire frontier. More especially, we should have check-posts in such places as might be considered disputed areas… As Demchok is considered by the Chinese as a disputed territory, we should locate a check-post there. So also at Tsang Chokla…”
Chinese being provoked to no limits by the recklessly insane policy was quite natural. Several political and diplomatic figures squarely blamed the last Mughal and his churlish conduct responsible for the Chinese invasion and subsequent humiliation. Chinese leader Mao had commented on Nehru sarcastically, “A person sleeping in a comfortable bed is not easily aroused by someone else’s snoring. Since Nehru sticks his head out and insists on us fighting him, for us not to fight with him would not be friendly enough. Courtesy emphasises reciprocity.” Nehru and Krshna Menon were again and again resorting to the rhetoric of ‘driving out Chinese to the last man’ from rooftops whether in Delhi or in Ceylon !! While New York Herald wrote an editorial titled ‘Nehru declared war on China’, The Chinese People’s Daily advised Nehru ‘pull back from the brink of the precipice and not to use the lives of Indian troops as stakes in your gamble’ !! Shocked at Nehru’s ‘throw them out’ order in public, COAS General Thapar rushed to Defence Minister Krshna Menon who non-chalantly responded, “This is a political statement. It means action can be taken in ten days or a hundred days or a thousand days.” Chao En Lai gave his last statement of settlement of border dispute through negotiations which again was sneered at while Mao ordered his forces to be ‘restrained and principled.’
The scale and level of preparations as well as training were so pathetic that majority of soldiers were sent to borders to fight without even snow-boots. Large number of soldiers belonging to Rajasthan and Haryana had never seen snow-fall before going to China border !! Yet they all fought till the last bullet and simply consumed themselves unhesitatingly but did not turn back under any circumstance. Gen. BM Kaul, probably the most disliked Army Commander in nation’s history, did not put his foot down knowing very well perils of Nehrus insane Forward Policy. Chinese intruded 160 miles into our territory by Nov. 20, 1962 and they were amazed, baffled at our lack of resistance and inadequate preparations. Mood of the nation was so bad that when rumour spread around that Gen. BM Kaul had been taken as POW, President Dr. Radhakrshnan commented wryly, “Unfortunately, it is untrue.” When everything was over, as usual Nehru admitted his shenanigans, “We were getting out of touch with reality in the modern world and we were living in an artificial atmosphere of our creation…we feel India has been ill-repaid for her diplomatic friendliness toward Peking… Difficult to say the Chinese have deliberately deceived us…we may have deceived ourselves…”
Buy by then, all was over and the last Mughal Nehru had nothing to lose.