India had been a bastion of vegetarianism till the British came. Permanent Settlement Act 1793 was enacted by British to destroy agrarian economy of the country, divert livestock to slaughter houses, migrate to cash-crops and massively add synthetic fertlizers and pesticides to soil.
Cattle-slaughter led to imposition of non-vegetarianism, introduction of leather industry and destruction of entire Hindu ethos of Ahimsa.
Even under the Mughal rule, Hindus were mostly vegetarians. Akbar shunned non-vegetarian food for six months in a year. Even foreign travellers like John Fires testified in his book British history under Mughal rule, “Hindus eat fruits, vegetables, roots and rice. But they do not eat meat, fish and eggs.” Marco Polo’s testimony confirmed, entire southern India and Bengal were cow-worshippers and strict vegetarians.
Much before, even Chinese travellers/Buddhist monks, Fa Hien in V century and Hsuang Tsang in VII century recorded complete absence of non-vegetarianism as well as alcoholism too.
Robert Clive, founder of British hegemony in Bharat, was astounded to observe, success of agriculture in the country and the success revolving around large number of cattle, particularly cow, venerable like a family member. Much to his astonishment, he discovered cow as a source of fertilizer, pesticide, milk etc. which contributed immensely to well-being and prosperity of every Hindu family. He decided to target cow first to initiate the process of complete ruination of the country. First slaughter-house was opened in Kolkata in 1760 with a capacity to slaughter 30,000 cows per day. In addition to cow-slaughter, Robert Clive introduced and legalised prostitution and alcoholism too, in the country. Then he goaded Muslims to become butchers. Rest is history.
Britishers made beef/meat eating and alcoholism an elite social norm, symbol of so-called modernism. They sponsored services of some so-called learned elites who could promote these vices through their writings. They succeeded to a great extent by buying out learned scholars like Pandurang Vaman Kane (awarded Bharat-Ratna later) propounding that beef-eating was the norm during Vedic era, Raja Rajendralal Mitra through his writing Beef in Ancient India in 1872. Mitra was awarded Doctorate in Philosophy for his efforts which he published in 1877 titled Indo-Aryan.
Beef eating clubs were sprouted all over Bengal with the so-called English educated Bengali intellectuals alias Bhadralok in English clothes and cigars, became dubious champions of modernity for the entire nation.
The Supreme Court of India ruled in 1958 banning cow-, calf-slaughter, yet the dastardly practice continued under the secular rule of the Congress party.
Jinnah and Nehrus were all completely anglicised, relished beef and pork. Nehru’s youngest sister Krsna Huthi Singh wrote in We Nehrus, published in 1967, “Our lunch was always of the British style and that is why we always used to have lunch in a hotel because only the British lunch included beef and pork. If beef and pork were to be brought into the home, our mother and Muslim servants would have felt bad.”